Picking through the white noise about outsourcing can be time consuming and tedious. And while you’re busy doing all that research, your company’s payroll and benefits problems aren’t going anywhere. You need to outsource—but you’re not clear on the alternatives available to you. If you’re in this position, this paper is written for you. It provides you a research tool for smaller companies by describing the reasons why three companies, all under 100 employees, decided to outsource their human resources to an HR service provider. It presents a picture of what other companies have done when faced with the challenge of wading through a crowded vendor landscape, evaluating their alternatives, and making a final decision.